Lan, man and wan ppt final

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Arushi Garg

Join date: 19/07/2018

Lan, man and wan ppt final

Infomation Document:

Post Date: 19/07/2018, 03:36
File Size: 1.12 MB
1. What is a Computer Network? ? Collection of autonomous computers interconnected by a single technology is called computer network. ? Two computers are set to be interconnected if they are able to exchange information. ? Connection can be through a copper wire, fiber optics, microwaves, infrared or satellite. 2. CATEGORIES OF NETWORKS 3. ? ? ? ? ? A Local Area Network (LAN) is a collection of networking equipment located geographically close together. E.g. Single room, campus etc. Data transferred in High speed which ranges from 100 Mbps to gigabit for system development and have a low implementation cost. Upper limit: 10 km ; Lower limit: 1 km Twisted pair cable or Co-axial cable connects the plug in cards to form a network. Designed to share resources between PCs and workstation such as hardware or data. 4. A work to internet connections would most likely require broadcast network (LAN) with a connection to the internet (packet switched network) 5. • • • Cost reductions through sharing of information and databases, resources and network services. Increased information exchange between different departments in an organization, or between individuals. The trend to automate communication and manufacturing process. • Special security measures are needed to stop users from using programs and data that they should not have access to; • Networks are difficult to set up and need to be maintained by skilled technicians. • If the file server develops a serious fault, all the users are affected, rather than just one user in the case of a standalone machine. 6. ? There are three topologies of LAN Network Ring Topology Bus Topology LAN Topologies Star Topology 7. ? ? ? ? The metropolitan area network (man) is designed to extend over an entire city. It may be a single network such as cable television network available in many cities. A man uses distributed queue dual bus. Range: Within 100 km (a city). Bus A man Bus B 8. ? ? ? It provides a good back bone for a large network and provides greater access to wans. The dual bus used in man helps the transmission of data in both direction simultaneously. A man usually encompasses several blocks of a city or an entire city. ? ? More cable required for a man connection from one place to another. It is difficult to make the system secure from hackers and industrial espionage (spying) graphical regions. 9. ? ? Network that provides long distance transmission of data, voice, image and video information over large geographical areas that may comprise a country, a continent. Range: Beyond 100 km. 10. •Covers a large geographical area so long distance businesses can connect on the one network. •Shares software and resources with connecting workstations. •Messages can be sent very quickly to anyone else on the network. These messages can have pictures, sounds, or data included with them (called attachments). •Expensive things (such as printers or phone lines to the internet) can be shared by all the computers on the network without having to buy a different peripheral for each computer. •Everyone on the network can use the same data. This avoids problems where some users may have older information than others. •Need a good firewall to restrict outsiders from entering and disrupting the network •Setting up a network can be an expensive, slow and complicated. The bigger the network the more expensive it is. •Once set up, maintaining a network is a full-time job which requires network supervisors and technicians to be employed. •Security is a real issue when many different people have the ability to use information from other computers. Protection against hackers and viruses adds more complexity and expense. 11. •ISDN ( Integrated service digital network) 2 types Basic rate interface Primary rate interface •Frame relay •Switched multimegabit data service (SMDS) •Synchronous optical network (SONET) •High data link controlled (HDLC) •Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC) 12. BASIS Full Form Range LAN Local Area Network man Metropolitan Area Network A communication network This network shares the linking a number of characteristics of packet stations in same local broadcasting networks. area. Range is 1 to 10 km Range is100 km A communication network distinguished from a Local Area Network. Range is Beyond 100 km Media Used Uses guided media Uses unguided media Speed Long distance communications, which may or may not be provided by public packet network. expensive Microwave, radio, infrared laser ATM, FDDI, SMDS Cost Equipment needed protocols Uses guided as well as unguided media A high speed i.e. 100kbps Optimized for a large to 100mbps geographical area than LAN. wan Wide Area Network cheaper NIC, switch and hub costly Modem and router Attached Resource computer network (ARCNET), Token ring Frame relay and asynchronous transfer mode(ATM)
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